Reacting to Harper’s Ferry

Here are links to the pdf documents you need to consult. HELPFUL HINT: SAVE TIME AND USE CTRL-F, THEN TYPE THE KEY WORD YOU’RE SEARCHING FOR IN THE SEARCH BAR. This will help you quickly locate relevant information within the articles and books. For example, ctrl-f the phrase “harper’s ferry” or “vallandigham” or “john brown” or “abolition” and you will come up with good material. You may need to press ctrl-+ to to zoom in on some pages to see the text clearly.

First: here you can see what the big issues of the time were in an overview. Key things to notice: Lincoln argued that the Union could not continue divided over slavery, with some states allowing it and others not. Douglass argued that the citizens of each state had the right to determine for themselves whether slavery would be permitted in their state or not, and that the federal government should not have a role in determining where/when slavery was permitted.

If you are looking for reports on Harper’s Ferry as it happened, see the following old newspapers:

anti-slavery bugle nov 12 1859 p1

anti-slavery bugle nov 12 1859

anti-slavery bugle nov 26 1859

anti-slavery bugle oct 19 1859

north carolina standard oct 26 1859

spirit of democracy oct 23 1859

spirit of democracy oct 26 1859

If you need to know more about Vallandigham’s position on States’ Rights and being a Democrat, see these:

dayton daily empire oct 25 1859 vallandigham response to ferr ohio democrat oct 2 1863

If you want to understand how the Garrisonian abolitionists viewed things, check these out:

anti-slavery bugle oct 19 1859

anti-slavery bugle nov 26 1859

anti-slavery bugle nov 12 1859

anti-slavery bugle nov 12 1859 p1

If you want to learn about the Liberty Party/Republican perspective, look here:

Tiffin Weekly Tribune

Hancock Jeffersonian

The Cadiz Democratic Sentinel

For information about Columbiana County characters and some good stories about the Underground Railroad, click the below links. You will need to sign in with your Google account and click “Read This Book” – it’s Free!

History of Columbiana County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens, William B. McCord

History of Salem and the Immediate Vicinity, George D. Hunt

Happy Hunting this week!


Fall with BOC Water Hydraulics and Akron Children’s EMTs

This fall the Rural Scholars visited a manufacturing shop in Salem, BOC Water Hydraulics, and did a workshop on campus with nursing faculty and Akron Children’s EMTs. 1381404_346339258843496_847975157_n

I would consider a career in manufacturing, because my favorite part of the day was the 3D modelers.

– Eli Hays, Wellsville


The best part was making the models. It made me understand how hydraulics work better.

– Catharina Clarkson, Wellsville


I liked learning about the lung functions and asthma.

– Carleigh Kidder, Southern Local

Summer 2013 – Feed Your Mind Workshop

Our food and nutrition workshop this past summer was a huge success. 35 students from Columbiana County middle schools studied the science of producing and consuming food, learning lessons in chemistry, geography, biology, and agriculture along the way. We visited Goodness Grows Farm, prepared and served food for the hungry at the Kent Campus Kitchen, discovered Pork Science with a presentation by FreshMark, learned about nutrition from health professionals, and separated the fat from potato chips in the Salem campus laboratories. Here’s what scholars had to say:

“I enjoyed ‘Nutrition and Health: A Nursing Perspective’. My reasoning is I’ve got to learn more about nursing and nutrition. The activities opened my eyes to a new career choice. Also I found out how many jobs deal with nutrition.” – Courtney Rebuck, Salem

“I want to grow more of my own food. Our food comes from places really far away and that’s not good for the environment.” – Hannah Hephner, Crestview

“I will stop drinking pop after this, and I will try to eat more veggies and more variety.” – Tristen Hinkle, Wellsville

“I plan to eat less sodium which I learned from the Supertracker. I need to put more nutrients in my body.” – Dalton Ash, Southern Local

“I plan to eat more fresh foods because I learned how bad store bought is. Also I plan to check labels for fair trade. I also plan to make a garden.” – Christ Pritt, East Liverpoolchemistry lab

“I think the most memorable part was the trip to the main campus. This was memorable for me because I loved seeing how big it was and how much the students cared about other people.” – Judi Crawford, Crestview


Airplane Launch

Rural Scholars testing their homemade airplane launcher at OH WOW in Youngstown in March 2013.

Explaining the Launcher

Rural Scholars at OH WOW in Youngstown, March 2013.

More Water Explorations Blogs

Here are more of our seventh grade students’ blogs about their summer Water Explorations experience a few weeks ago.


This week I went to a wetlands near Guildford Lake Grill. Then after I was there I realized how much of those we need to have. We put in a ig net to try to discover what species live in there. We did not discover as much as we wanted to. We need to get more wetlands so more species can be discovered.

On another day I went to Kent State in Salem. Dr. Freeman was there. He taught me all about hearts. Then he let me dissect a pig’s heart. It was pretty interesting.

Finally the best part was the new kids I met. They were just so fun to be around. Hopefully we get enough money so we can all go to school together.

Thanks to Pete Conkle, Matt Brown, Dr. Freeman, and the mentors for teaching us so much!


Summer camp this week was a lot of fun, and I learned a lot of new things. I learned things such as how to conserve water and how to fish without a fishing pole. I saw a pregnant cow, and I held a baby chicken. I’m glad I got this opportunity to be in this camp. I look forward to it next year. Conserving water is extremely important because we humans have very little fresh water that is available to us.

I’ve made new friends and I’m looking forward to seeing them next year. I saw a snake and I tried to catch it, but it was too fast for me. I learned how to tag a cow. And I saw hen eggs. I learned how to dissect a pig heart at the Kent State Salem campus.

Jake B.

The past three days have been fun. On the first day we went to Beaver Creek to find out how water pollution works. You can do that by lifting up rocks and have a net downstream. When you lift up the rock, stir up the bottom where the rock was.

On the third day we dissected pig hearts. We also saw some cows, chickens, and cats on the second day and took a hay ride. We learned that people should conserve more water, for example by turning the sink off when you’re brushing your teeth.


At the Rural Scholars summer experience we went to Beaver Creek on the first day. We learned about all kinds of animals that lived there. We also learned how to tell if the animals’ ecosystem is good or bad. We caught a lot of crayfish, minnows, and baby fish.

On the second day of the camp we went to Larry Conkle and Pete Conkle’s farm to learn about cows and chickens. They told us about the cows and how they lived and what they did on a daily basis. When we saw the chickens we saw the kind of chicken you eat and laying chickens.

On the last day we learned about the heart and how to check our pulse and how the heart works. We also dissected a pig heart and had lots of fun. Then we started to write this blog. I had so much fun.


This week I went to Beaver Creek and we learned about water and how to keep it clean and tell how it’s clean by the bugs in the stream. I also found that if there are helgramites in the water it means it is the cleanest, so you should be careful what you throw into the water.

The farm had cows, chickens, and kitty cats. They taught us how they tagged the cows and how to take care of chickens.


I have recently participated in the Rural Scholars Program. We have been studying water. I learned many things about water. Many people use more water than they need, and the way I see it is like when people get fries, they might get ranch or something. And the first time they might take a bite, and then they might double dip. And if they do it more and more, germs get in the dipping sauce.

This is the same thing that happens to water when too many people pollute. Water gets used in so many ways, and many of the ways water is used aren’t right. People abuse their usage of water, so we all need to conserve water!


The first day I went to Beaver Creek and a swamp near Guilford Lake. The second day I went to a farm to see how the water worked for pastures and stuff like that. On the last day we went to the campus. I got to dissect a pig’s heart and more!

Water Explorations

Last week our first cohort of Rural Scholars participated in our summer experience, Water Explorations. We conducted macroinvertebrate surveys in two water locations, learned about pasture management and water runoff, and worked in a university laboratory. Here are some of the students’ blogs about what they did. More to come! You can also see an album of our activities at our Facebook site.


This week was the Rural Scholars Program’s summer camp. I was really surprised that I got into the program. It was a lot of fun and also I learned a lot of stuff about the environment. Also we learned about agriculture and farming animals. Dr. Freeman told us about the heart.

At the wetlands and Beaver Creek we caught critters. We caught dragonflies, minnows, crawfish, leeches, and water pennies. At Kent State we dissected a pig’s heart. Dr. Freeman showed us the aorta and we found a blood clot in the pig’s heart.


This week the Rural Scholars went with Matt Brown and Pete Conkle from the Soil and Water Conservation District of Columbiana County to Beaver Creek and Firestone-Yeagley wetland off of Depot Rd. in Salem. We got nets and stirred up the rocks and caught crayfish and mayfly larva. At Firestone we caught mudminnows and dragonfly larva.

Then we went to Pete’s farm and learned about pasture management and beef cattle. On the next day we went to the KSU campus of Salem and learned about the heart and then dissected a swine heart to learn further. Thank you to all the teachers for their time, and it was a lot of fun!


(a poem)

Imagine beautiful rolling hills,
a clear water creek,
a beautiful farmhouse snuggled in the sea of green rolling hills.
Curious cows peek with intensity and loving eyes,
chickens voicing their views and ways,
tousled working hands and careful, kind eyes.
Smiles speaking through their wisdom,
curious children and kind young teachers.
Dried grass speaks rumors of drought.
The drought worries caring people
for our rolling hill-land.
Let’s try to conserve our perilous, flowing seas,
the seas we live off of!


This week I went to Beaver Creek and I learned about Water Explorations. I got into the creek and caught little critters. If there are lots of critters in the water then the water most likely has no pollution in it. There is one critter I did not know about. It is called the helgramite. It looks like an underwater centipede and it bites.

I also learned about organic farming and how to have a better farm. The chickens ate maggots inside the cow poop. We also dissected pig hearts.